The Ladder of Inference

I have been introduced recently to this concept of the ‘ladder of inference’. Here is a short presentation on it that I have received from a friend. I hope you may find it as useful as I did. However, before that, here is a short video presentation about it.

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The Ladder of Inference was first put forward by organizational psychologist Chris Argyris and used by Peter Senge in The Fifth Discipline: The Art and Practice of the Learning Organization. (You may find the book also HERE, in PDF form. There may be much much more to dig there. ­čÖé )

The Ladder of Inference describes the thinking process that we go through, usually without realizing it, to get from a fact to a decision or action. The thinking stages can be seen as rungs on a ladder and are shown in the below picture. Continue reading “The Ladder of Inference”