From Bondage to the Desert – 1.7 Christ Against Culture? – 1 A Biblical Theology of Culture

Richard Niebuhr, in Christ and Culture, presents five possible models for the engagement of the church with the surrounding culture. These are:

  • Christ against culture – the Anabaptist model
  • Christ above culture – the Catholic and Orthodox model
  • Christ and culture in paradox – the Lutheran model
  • Christ of culture – the liberal Protestant model
  • Christ transforming culture – the Reformed model

Each of these models has its own strengths and limitations, and each may be more effective in a certain given context and at a certain given time than in others.

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