Analysis of WVS data made by political scientists Ronald Inglehart and Christian Welzel asserts that there are two major dimensions of cross cultural variation in the world:
Traditional values versus Secular-rational values and Survival values versus Self-expression values. The global cultural map (below) shows how scores of societies are located on these two dimensions.
Moving upward on this map reflects the shift from Traditional values to Secular-rational and moving rightward reflects the shift from Survival values to Self–expression values.
Traditional values emphasize the importance of religion, parent-child ties, deference to authority and traditional family values. People who embrace these values also reject divorce, abortion, euthanasia and suicide. These societies have high levels of national pride and a nationalistic outlook.
Secular-rational values have the opposite preferences to the traditional values. These societies place less emphasis on religion, traditional family values and authority. Divorce, abortion, euthanasia and suicide are seen as relatively acceptable. (Suicide is not necessarily more common.)
Survival values place emphasis on economic and physical security. It is linked with a relatively ethnocentric outlook and low levels of trust and tolerance.
Self-expression values give high priority to environmental protection, growing tolerance of foreigners, gays and lesbians and gender equality, and rising demands for participation in decision-making in economic and political life.
(Source, HERE. The World Values Survey on Inglehart-Wenzel map, HERE. )
3 thoughts on “World Values Survey – Inglehart-Wenzel Cultural Values Map”
source for the 95.7% islam in Zambia please, also for Zimbabwe.
(Wikipedia states based on Pew research: 95.5% Christian in Zambia, and 86% in Zimbabwe, which is consistent with southern africa countries.)
My dear, you may be right, technically (whether that really counts, is another matter). But look at the religious composition of population (which is what really matters here): Muslim 95.7%, Christian 4.2%, none 0.1%, no answer 0.1% (2013 est.).
This cultural map is wrong !
Zambia is not and has never been an islamic nation. Get your facts right.