From Bondage to the Desert – 1.2 Marxist Propaganda as Brainwashing – 2

1.2.2 The Central Role of the Economic

There have been three secular ‘prophets’ of modernity whose voices we need to listen to if we want to understand our contemporary world. These three are Marx, Freud and Nietzsche. Marx underlined the force of the economic drive in people. Freud, the father of psychoanalysis, argued that everything in the human being is controlled by his sexual drive. Finally, Nietzsche talked about the will to power that controls every human being on this earth. Because of the quasi-religious connotations of their thought- systems and of the totalitarian claims that they made, all three authors saw Christianity as the arch-enemy to be removed at all costs in order for the human being to be free to become what they thought he should become.

Marx proposed a base/superstructure model of society. The base, which determines the superstructure, refers to the means of production in society. The superstructure rises from the base and comprises that society’s ideology as well as its legal, political and religious institutions. Since, according to Marxism, it is the ruling class that controls the means of production, the superstructure of society, which includes its ideology, will be determined according to what is in the interests of the ruling class. Such an arrangement was unacceptable to communists and they called on the working class to reverse it through revolution.

Marx subordinates everything in his philosophy to the force of the economic drive in human beings. Economics in general, and the supposedly destructive effect of private property in particular, play a central role in the Marxist understanding of the world. Communism argues that private property is inherently illegitimate.

DefinitionPrivate property is the right to use, enjoy or possess a certain thing, and the right to exclude others from doing the same.

The argument is centred mainly on the fact that the creation of property involves the use of natural resources, and that therefore private property in general necessarily involves private ownership of land. If private ownership of land is illegitimate (for example, due to the fact that it was first instituted by force), then it follows that private property in general is illegitimate. Marxist ideology argues that only collective ownership will assure the minimisation of unequal or unjust outcomes and the maximisation of benefits, and that therefore all, or almost all, private property should be abolished.

The Christian author Richard Foster has written a book called Money, Sex and Power. Foster shows that many Christians often neglect, to their peril, the importance of the human economic drive. The same holds true for the importance of the sexual drive and of the will to power. This is probably why the contemporary church is regularly rocked by scandals related to financial corruption, sexual immorality and the abuse of power.

Why is this so, since we know that God put those drives in us and meant them for good, even if our sinful human nature has distorted them? And how is it that we do not listen to the biblical warnings related to them? The answer is quite simple. The minds of many Christians are dominated by a dualistic, Platonistic outlook on life. Contrary to the biblical view, which upholds the sanctity of the whole of life, Platonism (formulated by the pre-Christian Greek philosopher Plato and developed by the neo-Platonists during the Christian era) sees life as divided into two realms. The upper realm, that of the spirit, which includes all religious practices (for example, for Christians, prayer, fasting, Bible reading, etc.), is the more important, while the lower one, the sphere of material things (work, sexuality, politics, etc.), is secondary and consequently should not occupy much of our attention. This utterly unbiblical but very popular view is the root of most distortions of the Christian faith, in the west as in the east.

Author: DanutM

Anglican theologian. Former Director for Faith and Development Middle East and Eastern Europe Region of World Vision International

One thought on “From Bondage to the Desert – 1.2 Marxist Propaganda as Brainwashing – 2”

  1. nu stiu daca ai mentionat ca ideologia sau religia seculara comunismul avea o dimensiune teleologica.
    manifestul comunist mentiona abrogarea mostenirii. nu inteleg de ce marx, un filozof, nu si-a dat seama ca daca nu mosteneste si nu mai beneficiaza de rezultatul muncii sale omul nu va mai munci, dupa celebra zicala “decit sa muncesc degeaba, mai bine stau degeaba.” nici nu a mai contat eventuala recompensa din viata de apoi. asta realism tovarashi! sa se fi gindit ca absenta proprietatii il va elibera pe om? in cazul asta tot nemtii ca el aveu dreptate, dar din directia opusa: arbacht macht frei

    Like

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