From Bondage to the Desert – 1.1 The Religious Character of Communist Ideology – 4

1.1.4 Marxist Sociology

DefinitionSociology is the study of the individuals, groups and institutions, and the relationships between them, which make up human society.

Auguste Compte (1798–1875), associated in his youth with the socialist utopian Saint-Simon, was the father of sociology. His seminal work was significantly entitled A System of Positive Politics or A Textbook of Sociology that Institutes the Religion of Humanity. He proposes a religion without God in which humanity takes the place of its Creator.

Marxism took over the project formulated by Compte and gave it a new impetus by making it an instrument of social engineering. This exercise in social transformation was based on the Myth of Reason (as was the philosophy of the Enlightenment), and also on the Myth of Science which became the new ‘religion’ of this social model. Consequently, Marxist sociology promotes the Myth of the Scientific Transformation of the World, which consists in organising society in a scientific manner, with the aim of building a better society.

The Myth of Progress and the Myth of (Darwinian) Evolution – according to both of which there is always an ascending trend in the history of the Universe – of life in general and of humanity in particular – are closely related to the previous set of myths.

The central concept of Marxist sociology is that of social classes. According to communist ideology, these are defined primarily in terms of their relationship to property. Thus some classes (the ‘exploiters’), control the means of production, while the other classes (the working class – the proletariat and the like) are deprived of them. This leads to the class struggle, through which the working class aims to gain control of the means of production.

By formulating this social model, Marxism aims to legitimate the use of any means, no matter how violent or deceitful, for the establishment of the so-called dictatorship of the proletariat. This is the main explanation for the millions and millions of victims of communism all over the world, with casualties in absolutely every country where it became established, without any exception.

Author: DanutM

Anglican theologian. Former Director for Faith and Development Middle East and Eastern Europe Region of World Vision International

2 thoughts on “From Bondage to the Desert – 1.1 The Religious Character of Communist Ideology – 4”

  1. Danut, class struggle is as real today as it was for the past 300 years. Darwinian Evolution continues to be a hot issue, as the academic circles in the West continue to believe they have a mandate from Science to change the culture of the church from full acceptance of the creation (myth) with a single scientific truth: Darwinian Evolution. How do you respond today to this reality?

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    1. How do I respond? I am a theologian, not a biologist. So, I will not make the mistake of that famous bridge engineer (called Henry Morris), who thought that his utter incompetence in matters of Biblical exegesis, theology, geology and genetics qualifies him as a ‘defender of the faith’ in these issues.
      I am a theologian and I can point out to the fallacy of literal interpretations of a highly poetical, symbolic and eliptic text (Gen 1-3 in particular and Gen 1-11 in general).
      As I read Genesis theologically, one thing is clear for me. God is the creator of the Universe, including live, human life also, on earth or anywhere else. Through what mechanism did he do that? I have no idea, as I think it was not revealed to us (here I differ, essentially, from Morris). And I would leave that for debate to those competent in biology and genetics.

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