Este posibila o data comuna a Pastelui

Faptul ca crestinii din Rasarit celebreaza Pastele la o alta data decit cei din Apus este un veritabil scandal pentru cei care priveste la aceasta ridicola pricina de dezbinare intre cei care pretind ca-l urmeaza pe Cristos.

Discutiile legate de rezolvarea acestei dispute par sa fie fara sfarsit.

Daca sunteti interesati de acest subiect, gasiti mai jos citeva informatii de pe site-ul Consiliului Mondial al Bisericilor. Textul este in limba engleza.

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A COMMON DATE FOR EASTER IS POSSIBLE

The hope that all Christians will be able to celebrate Easter on the same day in the future was reaffirmed by an international ecumenical seminar organized by the Institute of Ecumenical Studies at the Ukrainian Catholic University in Lviv, 15 May.

The problem is just about as old as the church itself: As Christianity started to spread around the world, Christians came to differing results on when to commemorate Jesus Christ’s death and resurrection, due to the different reports in the four gospels on these events.

Attempts to establish a common date for Easter began with the Council of Nicaea in the year 325. It established that the date of Easter would be the first Sunday after the full moon following the vernal equinox. However, it did not fix the methods to be used to calculate the timing of the full moon or the vernal equinox.

Nowadays the Orthodox churches use the 21 March of the Julian calendar as the date of the equinox, while the churches of the Western tradition – that is the Protestant and Catholic churches – base their calculations on the Gregorian calendar. The resulting gap between the two Easter dates can be as much as five weeks.

All participants at the seminar in Lviv, which included Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Protestant theologians from a variety of European countries, endorsed a compromise proposed at a World Council of Churches (WCC) consultation in Aleppo, Syria, in 1997. The proposal was to keep the Nicaea rule but calculate the equinox and full moon using the accurate astronomical data available today, rather than those used many years ago.

Concretely, participants at the seminar expressed the hope that the years 2010 and 2011, when the coincidence of the calendars will produce a common Easter date, would serve as a period during which all Christians would join their efforts “to make such coincidence not to be an exception but rather a rule” and prepare for an Easter date based on exact astronomical reckoning and celebrated by all Christians on 8 April 2012.

However, the seminar entitled “A common date for Easter is possible” did not turn a blind eye to what participants considered to be “the main problem”: “not the calculations, but the complex relations and missing of trust among different Christian denominations because of long divisions.”

French Orthodox theologian Prof. Antoine Arjakovsky, director of the Institute of Ecumenical Studies, pointed out: “Whilst the astronomic reckoning of the Nicean rule comes closer to the Gregorian calendar than to the ancient Julian one, the Roman Catholic and Protestant churches did take a step towards the Orthodox churches in Aleppo, accepting that the date of Easter should be established on the base of a cosmic calendar rather than by a fixed date as had been proposed prior to the inter-Orthodox meeting in Chambésy in 1977.”

Other speakers at the ecumenical seminar were Rev. Dr Dagmar Heller, professor at the Ecumenical Institute Bossey and executive secretary of the WCC Faith and Order Commission, Jesuit Father Milan Zust, an official of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, and Prof. Konstantin Sigov, director of Saint Clement Centre in Kiev, Ukraine.

Further to the students of the Institute of Ecumenical Studies – a consortium between the Ukrainian Catholic University, the National University of Lviv and several other European universities – the seminar had gathered representatives of the city’s major denominations: the Ukrainian Orthodox Churches of the patriarchates of Moscow and Kiev as well as the Autocephalous Orthodox Church in the Ukraine, the Greek and Roman Catholic Churches, the Armenian Apostolic Church, the Baptist and the Evangelical Church.

Frequently asked questions about the date of Easter

Proposals from the Aleppo consultation

More information about the seminar (Ukrainian Catholic University website)

Author: DanutM

Anglican theologian. Former Director for Faith and Development Middle East and Eastern Europe Region of World Vision International

3 thoughts on “Este posibila o data comuna a Pastelui”

  1. sigur ca nu e rau sa fie sarbatorit pastele la aceiasi data, s-a mai intimplat parca o data in urma cu ceva timp in secolul trecut, dupa ridicarea anatemelor. poate daca incepem cu asta se vor misca si la altele. in acelasi timp clivajul confesional definit de practici si deci doctrine diferite nu va inceta si el ramine o realitate a crestinismului contemporan. ne va lua zece vietisa discutam de ce.

    de remarcat ca la inceputul secolului trecut ortodocsii spuneau ca intre ei si catolici nu exista diferente ireconciliabile in afara oficiului papei, dupa ce tot ei si catolicii ajunsera la citeva sute de diferente in momentele cele mai tensionate. cum s-a ajuns la asta? cititi istoria, nu numai cea a bisericii.

    din pacate nu se rezolva nimic in esenta, ci doar in forma. de parca ar ajuta… si iar ajungem la identitate si la putere, la post-modernism si la emergenti si fundamentalisti. unde am mai auzit de asa ceva?

    daca intelegerea ca estul si vestul poate folosi piine si azimi dateaza din 1438 si ne-au trebuit aproape 2000 de ani sa cadem de acord ca pastele se poate sarbatori in aceiasi perioada, va las pe dvs sa deduceti cit timp le (nu ne pt ca noi nu vom mai fi pe aici) va trebui sa ajunga la concluzia ca forma crucii este aceiasi pentru toti si care este aceasta.

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  2. E necesar sa avem o data comuna pentru Paste si aceasta problema se poate rezolva destul de simplu. Ne luam dupa evrei si tinem in 14 Nissan. Asa e si cel mai biblic si mai in concordanta cu primele ,,traditii” ale Bisericii.
    Bisericile din Asia Mica in primele secole ale Bisericii tineau Pastele in aceeasi perioada cu pastele evreiesc(vezi cazul lui Polycarp) . Poate ca asa ar trebuii sa facem si noi. Sigur ca si aceasta data poate crea probleme , mai ales daca 14 Nissan cade intr-un anumit an in mijlocul saptamanii.

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